Enjoy Tehran – the city of 72 nations
Tehran (or Teheran) is the capital and largest city (of about 14 million people) of Iran. Tehran it is situated on 1200 m/3900 ft over the sea level, at the foot of the towering Alborz mountain range, and is famous for its numerous ski resorts there. Tehran hosts large museums and art centers, as well as palaces. Tehran´s numerous and well-kept parks offer relieve from notorious air-pollution problems. The large migration that occurred in the 20th century transformed Tehran into a cosmopolitan mix of ethnic and religious minorities.
Attractions and things to do
Golestan Palace, a museum hosting the Peacock Throne and objects from Qajar period. The palace is the oldest of the historic monuments in Tehran.
Milad Tower. The fourth tallest tower in the world.
Azadi (Freedom) Tower. A 50 m high marble monument.
Niavaran Palace Complex.
National Museum of Iran.
Tehran's Museum of Contemporary Art.
Treasury of the National Jewels.
S'ad-Abad palace complex. Peaceful gardens and 18 palaces scattered through them.
Tehran Bazaar; Imam Mosque of Tehran.
The Ayatollah Khomeini murals.
Skiing (Tochal gondola lift or Darband chair lift will take you to the pists. Ski equipment can be rented.
What to eat
Falafel and kebab from a street stall, to drink a Doogh - a mixture of yoghurt, water, salt and spices; traditional Iranian dinner with qalyan pipe, tea and sweets for dessert, or a dinner in many western style restaurants around the city. Just take a pick.
Computer software copies can be bought legal due to the fact that Iran refused to sign the Berne convention (however, bringing them to a country that sign the convention can be illegal). Teheran has numerous shopping malls and bazaars; the popular shopping area is around Valiasr street and Tajrish square.
Getting here and getting around
Imam Khomeini International Airport 30 km from the city, and the older Mehrabad airport very near the centre. Direct flights from numerous European, African and Asian cities as well as locations in the Middle East.
Istambul - Tehran train (3 days); buses from numerous locations in Iran arrive to four main bus terminals.
In the city: metro, buses, and taxis or motorcycle taxis.
The development of Tehran was very slow; it turned into an elegant city first when the Safavid king, Tahmasb I chose it as his residence, thanks to its natural setting and good hunting possibilities. The king built a bazaar and wall around the city. In 1789, Agha Mohammad Khan of Qajar dynasty, later shah of all Persia, declared Tehran his capital. The population grew, attracting many from the countryside, and the city soon was modernized. When the Qajar dynasty ended, the new shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, pursuing the massive modernization of Tehran, let even some historical monuments to be destroyed. The migration continued, putting a heavy pressure on Tehran´s infrastructure. The city became the centre of Islamic Revolution of 1979.
Climate & weather
Four seasons. Generally the climate is mild in the spring, hot ( maximum 36 degree Celsius / 90-95 Fahrenheit) and very dry in the summer. The autumn is cool and rainy, winters are cold. Due to the high mountains in the North and the desert in the South, extreme weather conditions can occur. Moreover, different elevations in the city make also the climate differ. The best times to visit are then late spring (mid-April to early June) and autumn (late September to early November).
Currency: Iranian rial (IRR). Western cards are not accepted in ATM´s.
Time zone: UTC (GMT) +3,5.